Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly cause by a viral infection. It can be caused by a bacterial infection such as bacterial meningitis spreading directly to the brain (primary encephalitis), or may be a complication of a current infectious disease like rabies or syphilis (secondary encephalitis). Certain parasitic or protozoal infestations, such as toxoplasmosis, malaria, or primary amoebic meningoencephalitis, can also cause encephalitis in people with compromised immune systems. Lyme disease may also cause encephalitis. Bartonella henselae can also lead to this. Brain damage occurs as the inflamed brain pushes against the skull, and can lead to death.

Trivia about encephalitis

  • Closely related to meningitis, this inflammation of the brain can result from viral infections or tiny parasites
  • A mosquito bite can cause the St. Louis type of this brain imflammation